Abraham is widely regarded as the
Patriarch of monotheism and the common
father of the Jews, Christians and Muslims.
Through His second son, Isaac, came all
Israelite prophets including such towering
figures as Jacob, Joseph, Moses, David,
Solomon and Jesus. May peace and
blessings be upon them all. The advent of
these great prophets was in partial
fulfillment of God's promises to bless the
nations of earth through the descendents of
Abraham (Genesis 1 2:2-3). Such
fulfillment is wholeheartedly accepted by
Muslims whose faith considers the belief in
and respect of all prophets an article of
Was the first born son of Abraham
(Ishmael) and his descendants included in
God's covenant and promise? A few verses
from the Bible may help shed some light on
1) Genesis 12:2-3 speaks of God's promise to Abraham and his descendants before any child was born to him.
2) Genesis 17:4 reiterates God's promise after the birth of Ishmael and before the birth of Isaac.
3) In Genesis, ch. 21. Isaac is specifically blessed but Ishmael was also specifically blessed and promised by God to become "a great nation" especially in Genesis 21-13, 18.
4) According to Deuteronomy 21:15-17 the traditional rights and privileges of the first born son are not to be affected by the social status of his mother (being a "free" woman such as Sarah, lsaac's mother, or a "Bondwoman" such as Hagar, Ishmael's mother). This is only consistent with the moral and humanitarian principles of all revealed faiths.
5) The full legitimacy of Ishmael as Abraham's son and "seed" and the full legitimacy of his mother, Hagar, as Abraham's wife are clearly stated in Genesis 21:13 and 16:3.
After Jesus, the last Israelite messenger and prophet, it was time that God's promise to bless Ishmael and his descendants be fulfilled. Less than 600 years after Jesus, came the last messenger of God, Muhammad, from the progeny of Abraham through Ishmael. God's blessing of both of the main branches of Abraham's family tree was now fulfilled. But are there additional corroborating evidence that the Bible did in fact foretell the advent of prophet Muhammad?
Long time after Abraham, God's
promise to send the long-awaited
Messenger was repeated this time in Moses'
In Deuteronomy 18:18, Moses spoke of the prophet to be sent by God who is:
1) From among the Israelite's "brethren", a reference to their Ishmaelite cousins as Ishmael was the other son of Abraham who was explicitly promised to become a "great nation".
2) A prophet like unto Moses. There were hardly any two prophets who were so much alike as Moses and Muhammad. Both were given comprehensive law code of life, both encountered their enemies and were victors in miraculous ways, both were accepted as prophets/statesmen and both migrated following conspiracies to assassinate them. Analogies between Moses and Jesus overlooks not only the above similarities but other crucial ones as well (e.g. the natural birth, family life and death of Moses and Muhammad but not of Jesus, who was regarded by His followers as the Son of God and not exclusively a messenger of God, as Moses and Muhammad were and as Muslim belief Jesus was).
For twenty-three years, God's words
(the Qur'an) were truly put into
Muhammad's mouth. He was not the
"author" of the Qur'an. The Qur'an was
dictated to him by Angel Gabriel who asked
Muhammad to simply repeat the words of
the Qur'an as he heard them. These words
were then committed to memory and to
writing by those who hear them during
Muhammad's life time and under his
Was it a coincidence that the prophet "like unto Moses" from the "brethren" of the Israelites (i.e. from the lshmaelites) was also described as one in whose mouth God will put his words and that he will speak in the name of God., (Deuteronomy 18:18- 20). Was it also a coincidence the "Paraclete" that Jesus foretold to come after Him was described as one who "shall not speak of himself, but whatsoever he shall hear, that shall he speak . (John 16:13).
Was it another coincidence that Isaiah ties between the messenger connected with Ke'dar and a new song (a scripture in a new language) to be sang unto the Lord (Isaiah 42:10-11). More explicitly, prophesies Isaiah "For with stammering lips, and another tongue, will he speak to this people" (Isaiah 28:11). This latter verse correctly describes the "stammering lips" of Prophet Muhammad reflecting the state of tension and concentration he went through at the time of revelation. Another related point is that the Qur'an was revealed in piece-meals over a span of twenty-three years. It is interesting to compare this with Isaiah 28:10 which speaks of the same thing.
Up to the time of Jesus (peace be upon
him), the Israelites were still awaiting for
that prophet like unto Moses prophecied in
Deuteronomy 18:18. When John the
Baptist came. they asked him if he was
Christ and he said "no". They asked him if
he was Elias and he said "no". Then, in
apparent reference to Deuteronomy 18:18,
they asked him "Art thou that Prophet" and
he answered, "no". (John 1: 19-2 1).
In the Gospel according to John (Chapters 14, 15, 16) Jesus spoke of the "Paraclete" or comforter who will come after him. who will be sent by Father as another Paraclete. who will teach new things which the contemporaries of Jesus (:could not bear. While the Paraciete is described as the spirit of truth, (whose meaning resemble Muhammad's famous title Al-Amin, the trustworthy), he is identified in one verse as the Holy Ghost (John 14:26). Such a designation is however inconsistent with the profile of that Paraclete. In the words of the Dictionary of the Bible, (Ed. J. Mackenzie) "These items, it must be admitted do not give an entirely coherent picture."
Indeed history tells us that many early Christians understood the Paraclete to be a man and not a spirit. This might explain the followings who responded to some who claimed, without meeting the criteria stipulated by Jesus, to be the awaited "Paraclete".
It was Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) who was the Paraciete, Comforter, helper, admonisher sent by God after Jesus. He testified of Jesus, taught new things which could not be borne at Jesus' time. he spoke what he heard (revelation), he dwells with the believers (through his well-preserved teachings). Such teachings will remain forever because he was the last messenger of God, the only Universal Messenger to unite the whole of humanity under God and on the path of PRESERVED truth. He told of many things to come which "came to pass" in the minutest detail meeting, the criterion given by Moses to distinguish between the true prophet and the false prophets (Deuteronomy 18:22). He did reprove the world of sin, of righteousness and of judgement (John 16:8-11).
Is it possible that the numerous
prophecies cited here are all individually
and combined out of context misinterpretations? Is the opposite true, that
such infrequently studied verses fit together
consistently and clearly point to the advent
of the man who changed the course of
human history, Prophet Muhammad (peace
be upon him). Is it reasonable to conclude
that all these prophecies, appearing in
different books of the Bible and spoken by
various prophets at different times were all
coincidence? If this is so here is another
One of the signs of the prophet to come from Paran (Mecca) is that he will come with "ten thousands of saints" (Deuteronomy 33:2 KJV). That was the number of faithful who accompanied Prophet Muhammad to Paran (Mecca) in his victorious, bloodless return to his birthplace to destroy the remaining symbols of idolatry in the Ka'bah.
Says God as quoted by Moses:
And it shall come to pass, that whosoever will not hearken unto my words which he shall speak in my name, I will require it of him. (Deuteronomy 18:19)
May the light of truth shine in your heart and mind. May it lead you to peace and certitude in this life and eternal bliss in hereafter.
For further information and/or additional copies please contact: Islamic Information Foundation Attn: Dr. Jamal Badawi 8 Laurel Lane Halifax, Nova Scotia B3M 2P6 Tel.: 902 / 445-2494 OR The Islamic Teaching Center P.O.BOX 38. Plainfield, IN 46168 (317)839-8157