Prayer Times & Rakats
are five obligatory prayers in a day. Each Salat must be offered at or during its proper time.The Muslim should make a serious effort to pray each prayer at the beginning of its period.
- The Morning Prayer (SALAT-UL-FAJR)
It can be performed at any time between the breaking of the dawn till
just before sunrise.
- The Noon Prayer (SALAT-UL-ZUHR)
Its time begins after the sun declines from its zenith until it is
- The Afternoon Prayer (SALAT-UL-ASR)
Its time begins soon after the time for Zuhr prayer ends and extends
to just before sunset.
- The Evening Prayer (SALAT-UL-MAGHRIB)
Its time begins just after sunset and extends to a period of an hour
and a half.
- The Night Prayer (SALAT-UL-ISHA)
Its time begins about an hour and a half after sunset and extends to
RAKATS OF PRAYER
A RAKAT is a unit or section of the prayer.
The OBLIGATORY prayer (Fard):
Name of Salat Number of Rakats Method of reading
Fajr 2 Said loud
Zuhr 4 Said silent
Asr 4 Said silent
Maghrib 3 First 2 loud, last rakat silent
Isha 4 First 2 loud, last 2 silent
The NON-OBLIGATORY prayer (Sunnah):
Name of Salat Number of Rakats Number of Rakats
before Fard after Fard
Fajr 2 -
Zuhr 4 2
Asr (4)* -
Maghrib - 2
Isha - 2
The Prophet (pbuh) used to pray a certain number of rakats, before and/or after every obligatory prayer. These prayers are highly recommended by the Prophet, yet they are not obligatory, they are termed (as-soonan ar-rawatib) which means "regular Sunnah prayers".
* Most ahadith confirm atotal of 10-12 rakats, while these four before Asr, are not as strongly confirmed.
It is the last prayer of the night and can be performed any time after the Isha prayer.It was strongly recommended by the Prophet (pbuh).
Witr literally means an odd number and is commonly prayed as three rakats, but can also be done in one, five, seven or nine rakats.