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110. [Divine] Support

THESE 3 VERSES were revealed at Mina on the eastern outskirts of Mecca during the Farewell Pilgrimage, and they, as well as v. 281 in The Cow 2 and v. 3 in The Table 5, are dated after the chapter on Repentance 9. They might thus be considered to date chronologically from the late Madinese period, even though the geographical location is the vicinity of Mecca. These verses thus form the very last chapter to be revealed to the Prophet. It is one of the shortest chapters (along with Plenty 108, which likewise consists of three verses).

The message assures Muhammad that Islam will ultimately be successful. The word 'support' exists as both a noun and verb and is thus more effective in rendering such meanings or situations, so I use it in preference to 'victory' (which I have retained for the word fath as in Chapter 48).

In the name of God, the Mercy-giving, the Merciful!

* When God's support comes
as well as victory, * and you see
mankind entering God's religion in droves;
* then hymn your Lord's praise and beg Him for forgiveness,
since He is so Relenting!


Published with authorization from Dr.T.B.Irving .